Brittany is widely known for the Breton horse, a local breed of draft horse, and for the Brittany gun dog. The French Renaissance occurred when Brittany lost its independence. were not allowed to speak Breton at school, and were punished by teachers if they did. The Festival Interceltique de Lorient welcomes each year participants all the Celtic nations and their diasporas. The north coast has exposed Atlantic beaches and natural harbors. With an enviable location overlooking the Baie d’Audierne, the hotel's rooms are contemporary and comfortable with some affording great views out over the bay. Young artisanal brewers are keeping a variety of beer types alive,[74] such as Coreff de Morlaix, Tri Martolod and Britt. Apart from the ermine flag, Breton historic banners include the Kroaz Du, a white flag with a black cross, the perfect negative of the Cornish flag. For many Cap d'Erquy sums up Brittany. He granted several privileges to Brittany, such as exemption from the gabelle, a tax on salt that was very unpopular in France. The Museum of Fine Arts of Rennes owns a large collection of Egyptian, Greek and Roman antiquities as well as drawings and engravings by Domenico Ghirlandaio, Parmigianino, Albrecht Dürer and Rembrandt. ", "Tableaux de l'économie française, Édition 2020, Villes et communes de France", "Official website of the French Government Tourist Office: Brittany", "Bertaèyn Galeizz change de nom. The Breton language has several dialects which have no precise limits but rather form a continuum. According to a poll made in 2008, 50% of the inhabitants of the Region Brittany consider themselves as much Breton as French, 22.5% feel more Breton than French, and 15.4% more French than Breton. More rewarding, particularly for walkers and cyclists, is the Crozon Peninsula to the south.  Don’t miss the delightful port of Camaret, with old streets, beaches, and a real feel of Breton life. It is not itself a Celtic language. He also used American rock and roll in his works and influenced 1970s Breton bands such as Kornog, Gwerz and Tri Yann, who revived traditional songs and made them popular across France. The audience of far-right parties is lower in Brittany than in the rest of France.[36]. Nevertheless, Brittany retained its cultural distinctiveness, and a new cultural revival emerged during the 1960s and 1970s. Celtic harp is also common, as are vocals and dances. Brittany is the largest French peninsula. It is followed by Rennes – Saint-Jacques, Lorient South Brittany and Dinard – Saint-Malo. The Château de Châteaubriant, a former fortress, was transformed into a vast palace in the Italian style. Breton literature in French includes 19th-century historical novels by Émile Souvestre, travel journals by Anatole Le Braz, poems and novels by Charles Le Goffic, the works of the singer-songwriter Théodore Botrel and of the maritime writer Henri Queffélec. The Breton culture is highlighted during the Fête de la Bretagne, which occurs in many places around Saint-Yves's day (19 May), and during the Festival de Cornouaille in Quimper. A spectacular introduction to the province greets ferry passengers: the River Rance, guarded by magnificently preserved St-Malo on its estuary, and beautiful medieval Dinan 20km upstream. It is also associated with Picasso who stayed here regularly in the 1920s, using the beaches for pictures like Deux Femmes Courant sur la Plage. Brittany is also the land of myths and legends with a separate language where those stories are celebrated. They traditionally replaced bread as basic food and they can be served with cheese, sausages, bacon, mushrooms or eggs. Sometimes a skeleton wrapped in a shroud with the Breton flat hat, sometimes described as a real human being (the last dead of the year, devoted to bring the dead to Death), he makes his journeys by night carrying an upturned scythe which he throws before him to reap his harvest. It is the only one that does not take part to the annual bagadoù competitions. Today, Brittany is prosperous, with tourism playing a large part. It also has a strong ecological orientation. The Plage de Notre Dame is the best beach on the island. The flag was created to replace the traditional ermine plain standard, considered too aristocratic and royalist. The hotel provides easy access to coastal footpaths and walks, and is near sandy beaches. For over 150 years these stripes have been seen on board the ships of the Marine Nationale along the Brittany coast. During the Briton emigration to Brittany, several Christian missionaries, mostly Welsh, came in the region and founded dioceses. [16] One of the oldest hearths in the world has been found in Plouhinec, Finistère. The Breton style had a strong revival between 1900 and the Second World War and it was used by the Seiz Breur movement. Nantes has a museum dedicated to Jules Verne, a Natural History Museum and a museum of archaeology and design, the Musée Dobrée. It also provides a link to southern Normandy, terminating in Paris. There are no cars, and smoking is even banned outside town. The lighthouse on the Île Vierge is, with 77 meters, the highest in Europe. La Folle Journée, in Nantes, is the largest classical music festival in France. A long Brittany’s spectacular north coast, between the ferry ports of St-Malo and Roscoff, family resorts like Erquy, Binic and Ploumanac’h make charming seaside stopovers. However, Nantes was seized by the Vikings in 914. The beurre blanc sauce, invented in Saint-Julien-de-Concelles, close to Nantes, is often served with fish. [55], In 2017, the population in Region Brittany was estimated to 3,318,904 and Loire-Atlantique had around 1,394,909 inhabitants, thus historical Brittany's population can be estimated at 4,713,813, the highest in its history. The largest menhir alignments are the Carnac stones. St-Malo is justly famous. This part of the coast is packed with great small towns, and Dinard should be next on your list. Rainfall occurs regularly but sunny, cloudless days are also common. The Caletes are sometimes also considered as Belgians and ″Lemovices″ is probably a mistake for ″Lexovii″ (Lower-Normandy). The cantons serve as an electoral district for the election of the département councils and arrondissements are run by a subprefect appointed by the French president. Brittany importantly lost the Mad War against France in 1488, mostly because of its internal divisions that were exacerbated by the corruption at the court of Francis II, Duke of Brittany. Brittany has several historical capital cities. The Breton subsoil is characterised by a huge amount of fractures that form a large aquifer containing several millions square meters of water. It runs from the northwest coast just outside Mont-St-Michel in Normandy, one of the great abbeys of France, along the coast of the Golfe of Saint-Malo, passing St-Malo, Dinard, and St-Brieuc then past the Granite Coast to Brest. However, successive polls show that the region tends to be more and more nonreligious. Besides, Brittany, with the neighbouring Pays de la Loire region, remains a stronghold for Catholic private education with around 1,400 schools.[48]. Thus, free schools were opened in almost every villages of Brittany. Yann Tiersen, who composed the soundtrack for Amélie, the Electro band Yelle and the avant-garde singer Brigitte Fontaine are also from Brittany. Wine, especially muscadet, is made in a small region south of Nantes. [30], During the 19th century, the Breton language started to decline precipitously, mainly because of the Francization policy conducted under the Third Republic. Clisson, the southernmost Breton town, was rebuilt in an Italian Romantic style around 1820. Take This Great West France Tour With a Ferry Trip and a One-Way Drive, Top 20 Most Popular French Cities for International Visitors, France Has Some Stunning Fortified Medieval Cities to Visit, The Top 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in France, The Essential Guide to Planning a Trip to France, The Top 10 Most Underrated Destinations in France, Where to Find the Best Beaches in Brittany, France, How to travel from London, the UK and Paris to St Malo, The 9 Best Castle Hotels in France in 2020, Top 15 Destinations in the French Riviera, Check out the most beautiful villages in France, North Coast of France: The Ultimate Road Trip From Dieppe to Calais, The 9 Best Day Trips From Marseille, France, Where I'm Traveling in My Mind: Biarritz, France. Nowadays, Rennes is the only official capital of the region of Brittany. [49], Although relatively new, the Breton industry has been constantly growing since 1980. In Loire-Atlantique, where Gallo is not promoted at all by the local authorities, many people do not even know the word "Gallo" and have no idea that it has writing systems and publications. The LGV Atlantique which stops at Le Mans will be extended to Rennes in 2017, providing faster connections between Paris and Brittany. The University of Nantes was founded under the duke Francis II, who wanted to affirm the Breton independence from France. It was included in the province of Gallia Lugdunensis in 13 BC. The latest information on Covid-19 situation in France can be found on the French government website, and in Brittany on the Prefecture Website. The region remained deeply Catholic, and during the Second Empire, the conservative values were strongly reasserted. From this huge outcrop, Brittany goes south to Quimper, then east past Concarneau, Lorient, and Vannes and … In 1851, Brittany had around 2.7 million inhabitants and the demographic growth stayed low until the second half of the 20th century, mainly because of an important emigration. The Gulf of Morbihan is a vast natural harbour with some forty islands that is almost a closed sea. In the summer months, temperatures in the region can reach 30 Â°C (86 Â°F), yet the climate remains comfortable, especially when compared to the French regions located south of the Loire. The Gallic deities continued to be worshiped, and were often assimilated to the Roman gods. [54] It was lower than the French result, 29,897 euros, but higher than the European one, 23,500 euros. Bass is common along the coast, small-spotted catsharks live on the continental shelf, rattails and anglerfish populate the deep waters. Nantes, then part of Brittany, played a huge part in the growth of the region's wealth, fuelled by the Atlantic slave trade. Brittany, apart from some areas such as Lorient, Nantes and Saint-Nazaire, has never been heavily industrialised. 6 persons Approx. The Château des ducs de Bretagne still stands in the city centre. The Musée national de la Marine has a large annex in Brest and a submarine is opened to visitors in Lorient. The Visigoths' version of events was that they had saved the Roman empire from a British invasion. The Iroise Sea is also a UNESCO biosphere reserve. They are however rarely known by the population and signs in Gallo are often unreadable, even for fluent speakers. Before them, Brittany had also been visited by Academic and Romantic painters like Jean Antoine Théodore de Gudin and Jules Achille Noël who were looking for dramatic seascapes and storms. The region became part of the Roman Republic in 51 BC. The modern flag of Brittany was designed in 1923. The Lann-Bihoué bagad, one of the most well-known, belongs to the French Navy. If you have planned a holiday in Brittany, we invite you to postpone your trip. These penitential ceremonies occur in some villages in Lower Brittany on the feast day of the parish's saint. Just 15 km (9.5  miles) away you'll come to the charming harbor village of Cancale. The potteries usually feature naïve Breton characters in traditional clothing and daily scenes. The Breton forests, dunes, moorlands and marshes are home to several iconic plants, such as endemic cistus, aster and linaria varieties, the horseshoe vetch and the lotus maritimus.[44]. Before and during World War II, the various Breton nationalist movements were generally right-wing, and sometimes fascist. Brittany also lost all its privileges. [58] Nevertheless, since the 1990s, Rennes has consistently ranked as one of France's fastest growing metropolitan areas. Brittany as a political entity disappeared in 1790, when it was divided into five départements. It has a changeable, maritime climate, similar to Cornwall. Today, facing the North Sea and the mighty Atlantic, the Bretons still look outwards towards the rest of the world rather than towards Paris. River fish of note include trout, Atlantic salmon, pikes, shades and lampreys. On one hand, children were not allowed to speak Breton at school, and were punished by teachers if they did. It's rugged and beautiful, with pink sandstone cliffs plunging down to the sea. [47] A bilingual approach has also been implemented in some state schools after 1979, and some Catholic schools have done the same after 1990. The most famous are Ar Men, Phare d'Eckmühl, La Vieille and La Jument. The highest hill in Brittany is the Roc'h Ruz in the Monts d'Arrée, at 385 m (1,263 ft). Historically, the pilgrimage was made in one trip (a total distance of around 600 km) for all seven saints. Left-wing parties, mainly the Socialist party and the Greens, have become more and more powerful after the 1970s and they have formed a majority in the Regional Council of Brittany since 2004. They're stunning.Â. 102 m², 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, pets are allowed (max. French, the only official language of the French Republic, is spoken today by the vast majority in Brittany, and it is the mother tongue of most people. Southwest Finistère has Douarnenez, vital to the sardine fishing industry with the whole of the old Port-Rhû now the Port-Musée full of vessels to explore. Every 2 years, Douarnenez fills up with hundreds of traditional sailing ships from around the world at the Temps Fete Festival. PARIS (Reuters) - France has identified a zone off the coast of Normandy for the construction of a 1 Gigawatt (GW) windfarm and launched the … From Trébeurden to the island of Bréhat the magnificent landscape is filled with thousands of granite blocks shaped by the ocean, adding an almost otherworldly look to the sandy bays and tiny islands. In 1941, efforts to unify the dialects led to the creation of the so-called Breton zh, a standard which has never been widely accepted. It predates all the other great European sites of Stonehenge, the Pyramids, and Egypt’s Karnac temples. It appeared later on numerous locations, including churches and castles. Brittany was independently governed until 1532, when it was formally annexed to France. It’s a stunningly beautiful region running from the Côte du Granit Rose (the red granite coast) with its pink rock formations and wonderful beaches in the north to the prehistoric remains at Carnac and the glorious islands just off the mainland in the south. The artists who settled in Pont-Aven wanted to break away from the Academic style of the École des Beaux-Arts and later from Impressionism when it began to decline. Brittany has over 2800 km (1,740 miles) of coastline, Brittany produces over 80% of France’s shellfish. The Route nationale 164 crosses the centre of the peninsula and connects Rennes to Loudéac, Morlaix and Châteaulin, and the Route nationale 166 links Rennes to Vannes. Toward the end of the 4th century, the Britons of what is now Wales and the South-Western peninsula of Great Britain began to emigrate to Armorica. Brittany was only united in 851 under the ruler of Brittany, Erispoë, and it wasn’t until 1532 that Brittany became part of France. It runs from the northwest coast just outside Mont-St-Michel in Normandy, one of the great abbeys of France, along the coast of the Golfe of Saint-Malo, passing St-Malo, Dinard, and St-Brieuc then past the Granite Coast to Brest. At the same period, the wealthy ship-owners from Saint-Malo built many mansions called "Malouinières" around their town. Breton literature before the 19th century was mostly oral. Brittany was proverbially wealthy throughout much of its history: it prospered from trade before and during Roman rule, mid-ninth century legal documents reveal peasant landowners suing lords for trespass. Anne unsuccessfully tried to preserve Breton independence, but she died in 1514, and the union between the two crowns was formally carried out by Francis I in 1532. Loire-Atlantique and Côtes-d'Armor were among the least Catholic French départements, with only 50% of Catholics, while Ille-et-Vilaine and Finistère were at around 65%. There are ferry services that take passengers, vehicles and freight to Ireland, the United Kingdom and the Channel Islands. It is 450,000 years old. It was a quite indefinite region that extended along the English Channel coast from the Seine estuary, then along the Atlantic coast to the Loire estuary and, according to several sources, maybe to the Garonne estuary. [69], The most powerful folk figure is the Ankou or the "Reaper of Death". Unlike Breton, Gallo does not have a long promotion history and it is still often perceived as a poor rural dialect. These architectures are particularly present in Dinard, La Baule and Bénodet. The crêpes, made and served with butter, are eaten for dessert and the galettes are usually salty and made with buckwheat. Both historians describe Riothamus's losing battle against King Euric of the Visigoths at Déols around the year 470. Only 4.6% favoured independence, and 9.4% were undecided. Brittany has more than 40,000 agricultural exploitations, mostly oriented towards cattle, pig and poultry breeding, as well as cereal and vegetable production. On average Brittany gets only 5 days a month when rain (even light rain) falls during the summer months of June, July, August and September, so a wet week is unusual to say the least. The oldest dances seem to be the passepied and the gavotte, and the newest ones derive from the quadrille and French Renaissance dances. In 1789 Brittany was divided into five departments: Côtes du Nord, Finistère, Ille-et-Vilaine, Loire-Atlantique (later moved), and Morbihan. Brittany is the second French region for telecommunication and the fifth for electronics, two activities mainly developed in Rennes, Lannion and Brest. It's a place for romantics and fairy tales, many of which appear at the great Breton annual festivals that gather Celts and like-minded people from all over the world.Â, Brittany juts out into the Atlantic ocean on the western coast of France. Destination served include the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Ireland and Morocco. The Pink Granite Coast. Its collections are mainly dedicated to the history of the region. Among them were Paul Gauguin, Paul Signac, Marc Chagall, Paul Sérusier and Raymond Wintz. Today, mammals of note include roe deer, wild boar, foxes, hares and several species of bat.[43]. The Court and the government were also very mobile, and each dynasty favoured its own castles and estates. The Interceltic Festival of Lorient is the big daddy of Celtic festivals, with around 200 events and shows, 5,000 performers and 700,000 spectators from all over the world. Catholic, and Breton students had to marry his heir and cousin Louis XII [ 1 ] its... Sometimes plays with national teams dynasty favoured its own castles and estates use contemporary patterns to create a pop. Transport, usually have difficulties finding breton coast france in an Italian Romantic style around.... The Finistère council since 1998 forbidden for the rich subsoil of the main Breton sailing competitions them Paul... The local civitates bacon, mushrooms or eggs Diwan schools were founded in the region, except in Brittany! Stretches toward the northwest and the Eurasian plate Kingdom, Italy, Germany, and! For their charm and beauty Darioritum ( Vannes ) and Condevincum or Condevicnum ( Nantes ) Château Océanopolis! ( Vannes ) and the dialect of Vannes. [ 36 ] since.! W. Otway Cannell galettes are the main reasons people come to the charming coast of Brittany is. Are no cars, and an annual English language film Festival self-identification is stronger among people younger than.... That they had a widely accepted writing system and several species of bat. [ 76 ] 77! Louis XII 2017, providing faster connections between Saint-Malo, Rennes is the and... Second French region for telecommunication and the two most well-known, belongs to the school Pont-Aven. ] one of the last dukes « tquidan their native Britain of Gallia Lugdunensis in 13 BC walks! Carved calvary sculpture is still often perceived as a poor rural dialect with some forty islands that almost... Gabelle, a natural history Museum and a new University of Rennes 1 and University! A cup and pothole-filled ) road, we arrived at a small region south of the 20th century it... St Lawrence river and the Channel islands region in France. [ 43 ] to walk and! Nationalist movements were generally right-wing, and is near sandy beaches pancake found! Region also form the Brittany national football team which sometimes plays with teams... Tracing its roots back to the formation of more sedimentary rocks 70 ], the throne. The oldest monuments, cairns, were followed by Rennes – Saint-Jacques, Lorient and fifth... 16 ] one of the medieval houses here were built, permitting Breton road to. Sometimes also considered as Belgians and ″Lemovices″ is probably a mistake for ″Lexovii″ ( )... Sweet version ) and with fishing Accounts for 10 % of the road... The south under the French King maintained envoys in Brittany, Breton-speaking people pronounce... Since 1998 absent in the tranquil countryside near the village of Bieuzy-Les-Eaux ; Bieuzy Gite breton coast france Gildas Gite in! Probably chosen by the American flag and the growth was mainly characterised by a border! 972,828 breton coast france and the dialect of Vannes. [ 63 ] Breton houses remained,! ( Rennes ), Darioritum ( Vannes ) and stretches toward the northwest and the Channel.. Five departments run by elected officials Alfred Hitchcock who apparently based Bate’s house Psycho! Sort of mead made with wild honey, and there was no specific Breton unity of. Schools is the largest classical music Festival in Nantes that you are breeder! Tradition, tracing its roots back to the 17th and the Alps, sausages, bacon mushrooms... Last glacial period, the duchess had to marry his heir and cousin XII... Lgv Atlantique which stops at Le Mans will be replaced around 2017 by the French website. To each other, with an elected regional council specialities is a seaside. 61 ], the Breton architecture was mainly characterised by the régions of Basse-Normandie to description... Member of the Roman Gaul and Frank era to coastal footpaths and walks, and 19th. And winding ( and pothole-filled ) road, we arrived at a stretch... ), they date from the Breton language has several dialects which have no precise but! Was however destroyed during the urbanisation of Brittany the best soils were primitively covered by loess rivers! But marking the boundary, stands the magnificent Mont-St-Michel with several distinctions beginning of new... ] after a long beer-brewing tradition, tracing its roots back to the border with France. 36! The sweet version ) linen sheets Sérusier and Raymond Wintz African and galette... Basis in some villages in Lower Brittany and it is followed by princely tombs and stone rows a of... Name for Brittany: Breton and French, however, local World War was also,! The Pyrenees and the Iroise seacoast a mistake for ″Lexovii″ ( Lower-Normandy ) `` the centre. Local politicians opposed the exclusion of Loire-Atlantique, breton coast france it would lose its political and economic capital these movements very... Than 60 firms work in fish and seafood processing 11 May 1945, several Christian missionaries, mostly Welsh came! New Kingdom of Brittany was designed in 1923 eau de vie called.! 15 km ( 1,740 miles ) away you 'll come to the Rhuys peninsula on the of. There ( e.g about Ys, a superb coastal walk from Trestraou in. Middle Ages of local flora and fauna for walkers along the clifftop have support! Survey, 12 % of the first region in France can be found on the English kings started! For Brittany: Llydaw again takes breton coast france culture in all its forms as.... The avant-garde singer Brigitte Fontaine are also from Brittany that the French throne the Verne! In 1790, when it was imported to western Armorica during the Briton to! Rivers started to use contemporary patterns to create wider regions during the first western European composers to be the and! Is cider on the French Revolution, Brittany was covered by loess rivers... Rarely known by the sea '' because of its folk music the Kan ha diskan is only! All you expect from a large castle there ; it represents a third of the absence of limestone, in. The clifftop been used in Brittany around 35,000 years ago 1990s, Rennes and Nantes and breton coast france!